Recognising Indigenous Australia
Indigenous Australia is a term used to refer to the aboriginals and the Torres Strait islanders. They are the first set of people identified with Australia, and their history can be traced to several centuries ago. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait islanders consist of people of various cultural backgrounds and beliefs.
Indigenous Australia refers to two whole different groups: the aboriginals who were settled in Australia before the British colonisation and the Torres Islanders who lived there until later they decided to move to modern-day Australia, particularly Queensland.
The word indigenous has also been used to refer to descendants of the original aboriginals. The origins of the settlers are not specific as some claimed they arrived from Asia by boat while others believe they are immigrants from Africa. Nonetheless, they are known as the first settlers of today’s Australia.
The Aboriginals Australia got the name from the coinage of two Latin words that are “an” and “origo,” and which means “from beginning,” respectively. The indigenous name Australia was found as an alternative because of the colonial influence the character Aboriginal adds.
Indigenous Australia is known to speak over 200 local languages, although most are in extinction and the others are highly threatened. Majorly, the remaining languages have been grouped into Pama-Nyungan language and non-Pama Nyungan.
Torres, on the other hand, has over 274 islands and commute by boat sailing. Indigenous Australia may be referred to as those who built Australia from scratch. They evolve from a hunting and gathering society into a civilised society. They have been credited for several materials and immaterial culture elements.
However, there are specific problems associated with indigenous Australia. First is the issue of transgenerational trauma. One could recount that from the first generation to the fourth generation, the Aborigines have been made to endure colonialism, discrimination, and slavery/servitude.
Poor Infrastructural Facilities
The Aborigines are not adequately catered for. Their areas are sparsely populated; hence little resources are concentrated there.
Lack of Healthcare Unit
This problem is similar to the point made above. There are no good health services, and the death rate keeps increasing.
Lack of Good Education/Poor Educational Services
The indigenous Australians are rural settlers, and the majority of them are illiterates.
High Level of Unemployment
There is a high level of unemployment within the country. A considerable number of able-bodied Australians are unable to secure gainful employment.
High Level of Crime
There is a high level of crime because of the alarming rate of unemployment and poverty.
Low Government Intervention
Government resources are concentrated on the cities’ dense population while the locals are left with little to share among themselves.
Indigenous Australians have never comprehended the modern Australian settlers’ lifestyle and therefore feel very difficult to cohabit with them. However, the government continues to ignore this fact for policies that seem right, funding programs, sanctions, and rewards.
This step has not improved the status of the indigenous people nor the relationship with non-indigenous. The suicide rate also keeps increasing daily as a result of the traumatic stress most of them have experienced.
The government must learn to
- Treat them right
- Protect their interests through laws
- Involve them in issues, especially those involving ownership of lands.
- Provide adequate facilities