The Australian People
The Australian people refer simply to the citizens of Australia. As of 2021, the Australian population is valued at over 25 million people (qualifying her for the 52nd position on the world population map) and growing relatively low. Since the last eight years, the population growth has been only a few percentages over one, with the birth rate per a thousand persons superseding the death rate. It is estimated that by 2030, the Australian population would be about 28 million.
The Australian people are majorly concentrated in civilised areas such as cities. There are more than seventy urban areas located in Australia. However, the first five most popular cities in their order of population growth are Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide. Notwithstanding, a low percentage of the Australian population is settled in rural areas.
Australia does not operate a strict population policy with a particular framework. It doesn’t define the population limit via regulating birth rate or migration. Hence, Australia accommodates immigrants as much as 200,000 per year. Nonetheless, the country is conscious of its growth and supportive of curtailing measures to ensure its resources can sustain its population.
Furthermore, most immigrants in Australia are skilled labour which the government hopes to supplement the ageing population of Australia and sustain economic development. Equally, there are Australians who are given birth to or based overseas. Therefore, as long as the people of Australia remain small, it would continue to welcome immigrants.
Also, Australian society is divided in their beliefs in a spiritual element. Nonetheless, the country is predominantly protestant, with a more significant percentage being catholic devout. The other portion of the population is divided among Islam, Hindu, Judaism, and Buddhism, while some do not have any religion in total. Historically, the Torres Strait Islanders have a different spiritual belief in Tagai – stories told about the star and identifying the people as sea people. However, Christianity has significantly influenced their views and taking away most of them.
The national language associated with Australia is the English language, slightly different from other languages’ variants. Other spoken languages include Mandarin, Punjabi; Spanish; Hindi; Greek, Vietnamese; Italian, Arabic, and Cantonese.
Also, the idea of multiculturalism is deeply rooted in the history of the Australian people. It was adopted in the 70s by Fraser, but the belief still lives on. Multiculturalism is the art that believes in Unity in diversity and is supported by tolerance and cooperation. Although the definition has been altered in Australia to mean cohabiting among people with different ethnic values and cultural backgrounds, the meaning is not lost.
The idea reveals the cultural difference in the number of people in Australia today, but the government aimed to achieve social justice, cultural identification, and economic progress through it. Hence, the government has contributed a lot in promoting this idea. Majorly, the diversity of cultures is influenced by factors such as a difference in settlements and religions. There are various groups in Australia, and they are not limited to the aboriginals; Torres Strait islanders; indigenous Australians, among others.